Tuesday, 20 November 2012

4. Spoken Language - Extract 2 - Radio Show

Listen to the audio clip below and follow the script on the screen. As you do so, make notes on what you notice. Remeber the new key features you have just looked at as a class.
 
video

Some More Key Features:

Adjacency pairs: parallel expressions used across the boundaries of individual speaking turns. They are usually ritualistic and formulaic socially. For example: ‘How are you?’/ ’Fine thanks’Hedge: words and phrases which soften or weaken the force with which something is said – e.g. ‘perhaps’, ‘maybe’, ‘sort of’’, ‘possibly’, ‘I think’.
Idiolect: an individually distinctive style of speaking
Interactional talk: language in conversation used for interpersonal reasons and/or socialising
Non-fluency features: typical and normal characteristics of spoken language that interrupt the ‘flow’ of talk. Some examples: hesitations, false starts, fillers, repetitions [though can be used for emphasis], overlaps and interruptions.
Paralinguistic features: related to body language – it is the use of gestures, facial expressions + other non-verbal elements [such as laughter] to add meaning to the speakers message beyond the words being spoken
Phatic talk: conversational utterances that have no concrete purpose other than to establish or maintain personal relationships. It’s related to small talk – and follows traditional patterns, with stock responses and formulaic expressions: ‘How are you?’ / ‘Fine’; ‘Cold, isn’t it?’ / ‘Freezing’
Transactional talk: language to get things done or to transmit content or information [used when the participants are exchanging goods and/or services]
Turn taking: a turn is a time during which a single participant speaks, within a typical, orderly arrangement in which participants speak with minimal overlap and gap between them. The principal unit of description in conversational structure.
Utterance: an utterance is a complete unit of talk, bounded by the speaker's silence.
Vague language: statements that sound imprecise and unassertive. E.g. – ‘and so on’, ‘or whatever’, ‘thingummy’, ‘whatsit’
 
 
Key Questions:
  1. Did you notice any of the newly learnt features or ones you already knew in the extract? 
  2. What are the differences between the two audio clips?
Comments away...


41 comments:

  1. I don't think it is completely scripted however I think they used notes because there was a little hestitation but they knew what they wanted to say.

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    1. Charlotte and Eden20 November 2012 14:15

      We believe that they took turns very well and didn't have any hesitation between each speaker, only where one of the speakers made a mistake. It was well rehearsed xoxo

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    2. Both extracts are very different, both do use idiolectm, however extract 2 is more formal and there is transactional talk, where as extract 1 they cut over each other and aren't pronouncing themselves as well; there is a lot of contractions, as extract 2. Also extract 2 is a buisness atmosphere and tone yet extract 1 gives the impression they are friendly and comfortable as there is laughter and they cut over one another.

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    3. Interesting idea about it being scripted but still an element of natural talk. How is this different to the last audio extract?

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  2. The difference between the two extracts is that this clip is much more formal. Rare use of elision is used and you can tell it is not a casual conversation, that is is more serious than the first transcript. Where it was casual and informal. This transcript gives us the impression that the two people do not know eachother well/comfortable with eachother

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    1. Charlotte and Eden20 November 2012 14:16

      wow thats a great comment jacob xoxo

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    2. A very confident answer using the correct key terms in a mature manner. Impressed once again Mr Maseyk.

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  3. The radio show is different compared to the conversation between the other teenagers, the radio show is a lot more formal. However, the conversation is very unnatural as it is clearly scripted. In the radio show, turn talking is used which shows the radio show is scripted.

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  4. They took turns well and didn't have any hesitation between each speaker, only where one of the speakers made a mistake. You can tell it was well rehearsed by the way they spoke fluently; however this was probably aided by a script. They were both very formal with they way they spoke, like they were actually part of a radio show.

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  5. This is different to the first extract because the first one is clearly casual whereas this appears to be more set up then the other on. The fact they take turns shows this because if they were casually talking they'd probably talk over each other.

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    1. Charlotte and Eden20 November 2012 14:16

      good comment leah...

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    2. Do you notice the different key features being used in this one compaired to the last Leah?

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  6. In the clip, the people-in this context the Livberpool 15 year old radio presnters-have adapted their talk to suit their radio dialect;that of the background and context;"ooooh", "When your ready Nina..." and "they've come to pick you up".The employment of contraction through the abbreviation of "they have", to "they've" , it connotes a casual and subsequent informal mentality with regards to the talk in the radio show.Non fluency features have been employed in the form of "Hello and Welcome"; this may be to get into the radio theme

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    1. Great use of new key terms Michael. Make sure you exaplin each example you choose in detail.

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  7. it is different to the other transcript because it is more scripted and formal. Turn Taking is used which helps us know it is scripted .One of them says "Ooooh!" which is sort of interuptting but it also emphasises the point before hand.

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    1. What is the effect of this scripting Hannah?

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  8. In this extract, i noticed that there is a slight dialect between the two girls, as they say; "'ealth" which is lightly informal. Turn taking is prominent, as the transcript is probably a script, as it's for a radio show , so there are links such as "when you're ready Nina..." which leads into the other persons line.

    This transcript is a lot more formal than the northerners, because there are less non-fluency features, as it is more scripted than the other. Furthermore, there are lots of Adjacency pairs in this extract than the other.

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    1. A good comaprison Freya. What is the effect of adjacency pairs?

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  9. The difference between the two extracts is that this clip is more scripted and formal as they dont interupt eachother, The Transcript shows that they knew what they wanted to say as there wasnt much hessitation

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    1. Why is there normally hesitation Sophia?

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  10. It is very scripted and unnatural.

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    1. How does this feel different Emily?

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  11. i have noticed that the extract includes idiolect this is where nina says:ealth instead of health which is clearly a very distinctive style of speaking.

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    1. Good comment, remember though that we are not commentingon the accent in our essay.

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  12. Lewis V (BEST MC)20 November 2012 14:16

    Bit of elision going on, more formal transcript, in comparison to the first...
    some contraction,but not as much as was in the first script,because this is more formal.

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    1. Good spotting of features. What is the effect of these differences?

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  13. The difference between these two clips is that the first clip is more informal and jokey whereas this clip is in a more serious tone and it's formal. They had a clear script to follow them has they hardly had any hesitation between the speech and they used the features of turn taking between the two girls.

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    1. Why did the boys in the first clip use less turn taking?

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  14. This conversation is different from the other one because it uses the technique of turn taking which makes it more formal and less of a natural conversation. It also includes some non-fluency features as they hesitate and wait for the other person to speak.

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    1. Why do they wait for the other to speak more in this clip Sophia?

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  15. This seemed a more formal, scripted conversation, with no interuptions or overlap of speech between people.

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    1. Who do you think their audience is and how are they appealing to them Josh?

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  16. the radio show is quite different to the free talk of the 15 year old boys as the language used in this extracty is much more formal. However i think this is because the girls probably are probably reading from a script and therefore not talking naturally.

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    1. Is there any hint of the feelings of the two girls about one another?

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  17. alot of non fluency features such as stuttering i think this is due to the fact that it is partly scripted and on a topic teenagers arent always used to commenting on.

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    1. Interesting point Declan. Try to extend your explaination more if you can.

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  18. I think that this has been scripted but the people have made some of it up in the moment. however some of this has clearly been rehearsed.

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    1. Which parts do you think were nopt rehearsed and why?

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  19. Some amazing comments once again Year 11. Let's really start to think about the differences beween the two clips now and how ther are adapting their language for a particular audience.

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