Below are the key features of Spoken Language that you should be looking at when you are listening to the audio file below. There are two extracts of spoken language that you will study and these are the extracts that you will be analysing in your Controlled Assessment on the 26th and 27th of November. You have already made revision cards for these in class today. Use these to complete this task. Lewis and Declan do this at home before next lesson please!
Some Key Features:
Back-channel features: words, phrases and non-verbal utterances [e.g. ‘I see’, ‘oh’, ‘uh huh’, ‘really’] used by a listener to give feedback to a speaker that the message is being followed and understood
Contraction: a reduced form often marked by an apostrophe in writing – e.g. can’t = cannot; she’ll = she will. See also ELISION
Deixis / deictics: words such as ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘here’, ‘there’ which refer backwards or forwards or outside a text – a sort of verbal pointing. Very much a context dependent feature of talk.
Dialect: the distinctive grammar and vocabulary which is associated with a regional or social use of a language.
Discourse markers: words and phrases which are used to signal the relationship and connections between utterances and to signpost that what is said can be followed by the listener or reader. E.g. ‘first’, ‘on the other hand’, ‘now’, ‘what’s more’, ‘so anyway’, etc.
Elision: the omission or slurring [eliding] of one or more sounds or syllables – e.g. gonna = going to; wannabe = want to be; wassup = what is up
Ellipsis: the omission of part of a grammatical structure. For example, in the dialogue: “You going to the party?” / “Might be.” – the verb ‘are’ and the pronoun ‘I’ are missed out. The resulting ellipsis conveys a more casual and informal tone.
False start: this is when the speaker begins an utterance, then stops and either repeats or reformulates it. Sometimes called selfcorrection. See also REPAIRS
What did you notice and what features were there in the extract? Try to answer using PEE (Point Evidence Explain) technique if you can. Remember your paragraphs should have a big bottom - little point, little evidence (Quote) and a big explination. A Big bottom. If you really can't do that the just write a comment about a feature you spotted from listening to the clip in the best way you can.
Comments at the ready...